Named after Sir Henry Barkly, GCMG, KCB, FRS, FRGS (24 February 1815 – 20 October 1898) who was a British politician, colonial governor and patron of the sciences. He was Governor of Victoria from 26 December 1856 until 10 September 1863. Prior to 1857 this was know as Boundary Road as it marked the extent of the City of Melbourne's jurisdiction.
Named in the 1870s after the place where owner Isabella Pennock Pierce was born - Woonsocket, Providence Rhode Island. It was later purchased by the Hallenstein family.
A residence built in the Renaissance Revival style for Thomas and Margaret Alston. It was later used as a boarding house for St Michael's Grammar School students.
The school was opened in 1862 by James Bonwick